AskDefine | Define Angelica

Dictionary Definition

angelica

Noun

1 any of various tall and stout herbs of the genus Angelica having pinnately compound leaves and small white or greenish flowers in compound umbels [syn: angelique]
2 candied stalks of the angelica plant
3 aromatic stems or leaves or roots of Angelica Archangelica

User Contributed Dictionary

see angelica

Translingual

Etymology

Proper noun

Angelica
  1. a taxonomic genus, within family Apiaceae - the angelica and related plants

See also

  • See Wikispecies for the very many species

English

Etymology

Church Latin angelica "angelic", or a Latinate elaboration of Angela. (Source: Patrick Hanks and Flavia Hodges: A Concise Dictionary of First Names. Oxford University Press 2001.)

Proper noun

  1. A given name, borne by a heroine in Ariosto's Orlando Furioso (1516).

Translations

female given name

Swedish

Proper noun

  1. A given name, cognate to English Angelica.

Extensive Definition

Angelica is a genus of about 50 species of tall biennial and perennial herbs in the family Apiaceae, native to temperate and subarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere, reaching as far North as Iceland and Lapland. They grow to 1-3 m tall, with large bipinnate leaves and large compound umbels of white or greenish-white flowers.
  • Angelica ampla - Giant Angelica
  • Angelica archangelica - Garden Angelica, Archangel, Angelique
  • Angelica arguta - Lyall's Angelica
  • Angelica atropurpurea - Purplestem Angelica, Alexanders
  • Angelica breweri - Brewer's Angelica
  • Angelica californica - California Angelica
  • Angelica callii - Call's Angelica
  • Angelica canbyi - Canby's Angelica
  • Angelica cartilaginomarginata
  • Angelica dahurica - bai zhi in Chinese
  • Angelica dawsonii - Dawson's Angelica
  • Angelica dentata - Coastalplain Angelica
  • Angelica genuflexa - Kneeling Angelica
  • Angelica gigas - Cham dangwi in Korean
  • Angelica glabra - synonym for Angelica dahurica
  • Angelica grayi - Gray's Angelica
  • Angelica hendersonii - Henderson's Angelica
  • Angelica keiskei -- Ashitaba in Japanese
  • Angelica kingii - King's Angelica
  • Angelica lineariloba - Poison Angelica
  • Angelica lucida - Seacoast Angelica
  • Angelica pachyacarpa
  • Angelica palustris
  • Angelica pinnata - Small-leaf Angelica
  • Angelica pubescens
  • Angelica roseana - Rose Angelica
  • Angelica sinensis - Dong quai
  • Angelica scabrida - Charleston Mountain Angelica
  • Angelica sylvestris - Wild Angelica
  • Angelica tomentosa - Woolly Angelica
  • Angelica triquinata - Filmy Angelica
  • Angelica venosa - Hairy Angelica
  • Angelica wheeleri - Utah Angelica

Cultivation and uses

Some varieties are grown as flavoring agents or for their medicinal properties. The most notable of these is Garden Angelica (A. archangelica), which is commonly known simply as angelica. Natives of Lapland use the fleshy roots as food and the stalks as medicine. Crystallized strips of young angelica stems and midribs are green in colour and are sold as decorative and flavoursome cake decoration material, but may also be enjoyed on their own. The roots and seeds are sometimes used to flavor gin and Chartreuse.
Seacoast Angelica (A. lucida) has been eaten as a wild version of celery.
A. sylvestris and some other species are eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Bordered Pug, Grey Pug, Lime-speck Pug and the V-Pug.
A. dawsonii was used by several first nations in North America for ritual purposes.
A. atropurpurea is found in North America from Newfoundland west to Wisconsin and south to Maryland, and was smoked by Missouri tribes for colds and respiratory ailments. This species is very similar in appearance to the poisonous water hemlock.

Notes

External links

Angelica in Danish: Angelik
Angelica in French: Angelica
Angelica in Icelandic: Hvönn
Angelica in Italian: Angelica (botanica)
Angelica in Lithuanian: Šventagaršvė
Angelica in Dutch: Angelica (plant)
Angelica in Japanese: シシウド属
Angelica in Norwegian: Kvanner
Angelica in Polish: Dzięgiel (roślina)
Angelica in Portuguese: Angelica (género)
Angelica in Romanian: Angelica
Angelica in Serbian: Angelica
Angelica in Swedish: Kvannar
Angelica in Vietnamese: Chi Bạch chỉ
Angelica in Ukrainian: Анґеліка
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